To support Member States welcoming and accommodating refugees fleeing the war in Ukraine, the Commission has proposed to increase by €3.4 billion the total pre-financing from the Recovery Assistance for Cohesion and the Territories of Europe (REACT-EU). As part of NextGenerationEU, REACT-EU provides a top-up of €50.6 billion (in current prices) to the 2014-2020 cohesion policy programmes over the course of 2021 and 2022.



REACT-EU entered into force on 24 December 2020 and can finance expenditure retroactively from 1 February 2020 until 31 December 2023. The proposal to increase pre-financing for Member States under REACT-EU complements the Cohesion’s Actions for Refugees in Europe (CARE) proposal adopted on 8 of March and the possibility for Member States to use the 2022 REACT-EU tranche to support measures to assist people fleeing Ukraine, in line with the overall aim of post-pandemic recovery. For all Member States, the Commission proposes to increase pre-financing from 11% to 15% of the 2021 REACT-EU tranche. Moreover, for frontline Member States (Hungary, Poland, Romania and Slovakia) and Member States that have received the highest number of arrivals from Ukraine in proportion to their national population (above 1% between 24 February 2022 and 23 March 2022 – Austria, Bulgaria, Czechia and Estonia), the Commission proposes to increase the percentage to 45%.

For more information, please visit the Commission’s website.


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